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his episode discusses the Stabilization Endurance Training phase of the OPT Model. In this session, there is a discussion about all the components leading up to resistance training which include:

  • Flexibility (SMR and static stretching)
  • Core
  • Balance
  • Reactive training
  • SAQ

Rick Richey answers questions such as: “Why does NASM suggest flexibility to be done before the workout?” and “Why is core done at the start instead of the end of the workout?”

Then, we discuss horizontal and vertical loading as we get into resistance training exercises that challenge core and/or balance. The NASM programming template that is on the ‘Downloads’ section of is used to discuss how to program a phase one program for your clients. This is an overview of the concepts and may help (aspiring) trainers better understand how to develop a base level program for clients.

Important takeaways: The most unstable environment that you can safely perform an exercise while in good form is where the resistance training portion challenges the neuromuscular system. How far should someone’s ROM be? Full available pain-free range of motion without compensation. This is a good general rule – but not dogma. Sometimes limited ROM is needed for certain outcomes.

Podcast 20.